The WHO Safe Surgery Checklist was created by an international group of experts with the goal of improving the safety of patients undergoing surgical procedures around the globe.
Input from anesthesiologists, operating theatre nurses, surgeons, patients and other professionals was used in the development of this tool. Both small and large scale clinical testing of the checklist has been performed culminating in a multi-site pilot study with results published in the New England Journal of Medicine in January 2009.
In sites that ranged from small district hospitals to large medical centers in diverse geographic settings, the use of a 19-item checklist was demonstrated to reduce the complications and mortality associated with a variety of surgical procedures by more than 30 percent.
The checklist has been designed to be simple to use and applicable in a range of settings. It is currently in active use in operating rooms around the world. Pulse oximetry is an integral part of the checklist.